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Suicide prevention

Suicide prevention

    Overview

    Close to 800 000 people die by suicide every year. Furthermore, for each suicide, there are more than 20 suicide attempts.

    Suicides and suicide attempts have a ripple effect that impacts on families, friends, colleagues, communities and societies.

    Suicides are preventable. Much can be done to prevent suicide at individual, community and national levels. 

    What you can do

    Situation

    Close to 800 000 people die by suicide every year; that’s one person every 40 seconds. Suicide occurs throughout life. It is the second leading cause of death among 15-29 year-olds globally. 

    Suicide occurs in all regions of the world. In fact, 79% of global suicides happen in low- and middle-income countries. 

    66顺彩票appWhile the link between suicide and mental disorders (in particular, depression and alcohol use disorders) is well established, many suicides happen impulsively in moments of crisis. Further risk factors include experience of loss, loneliness, discrimination, a relationship break-up, financial problems, chronic pain and illness, violence, abuse, and conflict or other humanitarian emergencies. The strongest risk factor for suicide is a previous suicide attempt.

    Response

    66顺彩票appMuch can be done to prevent suicide. WHO recommends four key interventions which have proven to be effective:

    • restricting access to means
    • working with the media to ensure responsible reporting of suicide.
    • helping young people develop skills to cope with life’s pressures
    • early identification and management of people who are thinking about suicide or who have made a suicide attempt, keeping follow-up contact in the short and longer-term

    66顺彩票appCollectively, WHO’s approach to suicide prevention is known as LIVE 66顺彩票app, comprising leadership, interventions, vision, evaluation (LIVE) as cross-cutting strategies and less means, interaction with the media, forming the young, early identification (66顺彩票app) as key effective interventions. This approach is the basis on which comprehensive multisectoral national suicide prevention strategies should be developed.

    National suicide prevention strategies: progress, examples and indicators

    800 000

    people die due to suicide every year

    38

    countries report having a national strategy for suicide prevention

    80 countries

    have good-quality vital registration data on suicide

    Read more

    Videos

    Publications

    All →
    PREVENTING SUICIDE: A resource for filmmakers and others working on stage and screen

     This resource booklet provides information for filmmakers and others involved in the creation, development and production of content for screen (e.g....

    Preventing suicide: a resource for pesticide registrars and regulators

    66顺彩票appSelf-poisoning with pesticides causes up to one in five of the world’s suicides. Pesticide registrars and regulators have a key role to play in suicide...

    Suicide in the world
    9 September 2019

    Suicide in the world

    66顺彩票appSuicide is a serious global public health issue. It is among the top twenty leading causes of death worldwide, with more deaths due to suicide than malaria,...

    2014_report_publication

    Every 40 seconds a person dies by suicide somewhere in the world. Over 800 000 people die by suicide every year. Yet suicides are preventable. “Preventing...

    Tools

    All →
    mhGAP Intervention Guide - Version 2.0

    66顺彩票appThis is the second version (2016) of the mhGAP Intervention Guide (mhGAP-IG) for mental, neurological and substance use (MNS) disorders in non-specialist...

    Suicide prevention: toolkit for engaging communities

    Communities have an important role to play in suicide prevention. They can provide support to people who are vulnerable and to those who have made an attempt...

    suicide_attempts_surveillance_systems_manual

    This practice manual aims to provide a tool for countries to use in setting up a public health surveillance system for suicide attempts and self-harm cases...

    Events

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