All people, everywhere, deserve the right care, right in their community. This is the fundamental premise of primary health care.
Primary health care (PHC) addresses the majority of a person’s health needs throughout their lifetime. This includes physical, mental and social well-being and it is people-centred rather than disease-centred. PHC is a whole-of-society approach that includes health promotion, disease prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and palliative care.
66顺彩票appA primary health care approach includes three components:
- meeting people’s health needs throughout their lives;
- addressing the broader determinants of health through multisectoral policy and action; and
- empowering individuals, families and communities to take charge of their own health.
By providing care in the community as well as care through66顺彩票app the community, PHC addresses not only individual and family health needs, but also the broader issue of public health and the needs of defined populations.
The principles of PHC were first outlined in the Declaration of Alma-Ata66顺彩票app in 1978, a seminal milestone in global health. Forty years later, global leaders ratified the at the which took place in Astana, Kazakhstan in October 2018.
PHC, because it is about how best to provide health care and services to everyone, everywhere, is the most efficient and effective way to achieve health for all.
In 1978, leaders from around the world gathered in Alma-Ata, Kazakhstan, for what would prove to be a seminal moment in global health. The Declaration of Alma-Ata was the first to call for urgent and effective national and international action to develop and implement primary health care throughout the world.”
Taking into account 40 years of lessons learned since the original Declaration of Alma-Ata, the Declaration of Astana was developed through a multi-stakeholder process that included consultations with Member States, a group of international experts, civil society and the general public.
How can we transform the bold vision of the into action? Moving to a primary health care approach helps to strengthen health systems and is the most effective way to achieve universal health coverage. The PHC Operational Framework66顺彩票app outlines a series of levers that can be actioned to align health systems according to a PHC approach.
The Operational Framework is currently undergoing review by Member States and a final version is anticipated to be presented for endorsement in 2020.
At least half of the world’s people still lack some or all essential health services.
66顺彩票appThere will be a shortfall of 18 million health care workers by 2030.