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Physical activity

    Overview

    Physical activity is defined as any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that require energy expenditure. Popular ways to be active are through walking, cycling, sports and recreation, and can be done at any level of skill and for enjoyment. Regular and adequate levels of physical activity:

    • improve muscular and cardiorespiratory fitness;
    • improve bone and functional health;
    • reduce the risk of hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes, various types of cancer (including breast cancer and colon cancer), and depression;
    • reduce the risk of falls as well as hip or vertebral fractures; and
    • are fundamental to energy balance and weight control.

    66顺彩票appPhysical inactivity (insufficient physical activity) is one of the leading risk factor for noncommunicable diseases (NCD) and death worldwide. To individuals, the failure to enjoy adequate levels of physical activity increases the risk of cancer, heart disease, stroke, and diabetes by 20–30% and shortens lifespan by 3–5 years. Moreover, physical inactivity burdens society through the hidden and growing cost of medical care and loss of productivity.

    66顺彩票appThe term "physical activity" should not be confused with "exercise", which is a subcategory of physical activity that is planned, structured, repetitive, and aims to improve or maintain one or more components of physical fitness. Beyond exercise, any other physical activity that is done during leisure time, for transport to get to and from places, or as part of a person’s work, has a health benefit.

    Increasing physical activity requires a whole of society and culturally relevant approach and therefore demands a collective effort across different sectors and disciplines.

     

    Publications

    Guidelines on physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep for children under 5 years of age

    66顺彩票appEarly childhood is a period of rapid physical and cognitive development and a time during which a child’s habits are formed and...

    ACTIVE: a technical package for increasing physical activity

    66顺彩票appThe Global Action Plan on Physical Activity 2018–2030 provides a shared vision of More active people for a healthier world and sets out goals to achieve...

    Global recommendations on physical activity for health

    66顺彩票appPhysical inactivity is now identified as the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality. Physical inactivity levels are rising in many countries with...

    Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health - 2004

    The overall goal of the strategy was to promote and protect health through healthy eating and physical activity.Recognizing the unique opportunity that...

    More active people for a healthier world

    More active people for a healthier world

    The global action plan on physical activity 2018 - 2030

    WHO
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