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WHO/Yoshi Shimizu
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Health promoting schools

    Overview

    A health promoting school is one that constantly strengthens its capacity as a healthy setting for living, learning and working.

    A health promoting school:

    • Fosters health and learning with all the measures at its disposal.
    • Engages health and education officials, teachers, teachers' unions, students, parents, health providers and community leaders in efforts to make the school a healthy place.
    • Strives to provide a healthy environment, school health education, and school health services along with school/community projects and outreach, health promotion programmes for staff, nutrition and food safety programmes, opportunities for physical education and recreation, and programmes for counselling, social support and mental health promotion.
    • Implements policies and practices that respect an individual's wellbeing and dignity, provide multiple opportunities for success, and acknowledge good efforts and intentions as well as personal achievements.
    • Strives to improve the health of school personnel, families and community members as well as pupils; and works with community leaders to help them understand how the community contributes to, or undermines, health and education.

    Focus

    Health promoting schools focus on:

    • Caring for oneself and others.
    • Making healthy decisions and taking control over life's circumstances.
    • Creating conditions that are conducive to health (through policies, services, physical/social conditions).
    • Building capacities for peace, shelter, education, food, income, a stable ecosystem, equity, social justice, sustainable development.
    • Preventing leading causes of death, disease and disability: helminths, tobacco use, HIV/AIDS/STDs, sedentary lifestyle, drugs and alcohol, violence and injuries, unhealthy nutrition.
    • Influencing health-related behaviours: knowledge, beliefs, skills, attitudes, values, support.

    An effective school health programme can be one of the most cost effective investments a nation can make to simultaneously improve education and health. WHO promotes school health programmes as a strategic means to prevent important health risks among youth and to engage the education sector in efforts to change the educational, social, economic and political conditions that affect risk.

    Background

    66顺彩票appWHO's Global School Health Initiative, launched in 1995, seeks to mobilize and strengthen health promotion and education activities at the local, national, regional and global levels. The Initiative is designed to improve the health of students, school personnel, families and other members of the community through schools.

    The goal of WHO's Global School Health Initiative is to increase the number of schools that can truly be called "Health-Promoting Schools". Although definitions will vary, depending on need and circumstance, a Health-Promoting School can be characterized as a school constantly strengthening its capacity as a healthy setting for living, learning and working.

    66顺彩票appThe general direction of WHO's Global School Health Initiative is guided by the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion (1986); the Jakarta Declaration of the Fourth International Conference on Health Promotion (1997); and the WHO's Expert Committee Recommendation on Comprehensive School Health Education and Promotion (1995).

     

    Over 90% of children

    66顺彩票appare in primary school and over 80% of children are in lower secondary school.

    Obesity has risen

    more than 10-fold from 11 million to 124 million in children and adolescents in just 40 years.

    570 million children

    had no drinking water at school in 2016.

    Publications

    All →
    global-standards-for-health-promoting-schools-who-unesco-cover-2

    66顺彩票app This is a joint project with WHO and UNESCO to develop global standards for Health Promoting Schools (HPS) which will serve as a common framework...

    Global school health initiatives: achieving health and education outcomes

    The WHO School Health Technical Meeting was held in Bangkok on 23–25 November 2015 to consolidate what had been learned from regions and countries...

    Health Promoting School: an effective approach for early action on NCD risk factors

    A health promoting school (HPS) is a school that constantly seeks to strengthen its capacity to promote healthy living, learning and working conditions....

    Creating an environment for emotional and social well-being: an important responsibility of a health promoting and child-friendly school

    66顺彩票appThe organizations publishing this document offer a useful tool to help shape a healthy, safe and friendly environment for all who live, learn and work...

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