WHO/Yoshi Shimizu
? Credits

Breastfeeding

    Overview

    Breastfeeding is one of the most effective ways to ensure child health and survival. However, nearly 2 out of 3 infants are not exclusively breastfed for the recommended 6 months—a rate that has not improved in 2 decades. 

    Breastmilk is the ideal food for infants. It is safe, clean and contains antibodies which help protect against many common childhood illnesses. Breastmilk provides all the energy and nutrients that the infant needs for the first months of life, and it continues to provide up to half or more of a child’s nutritional needs during the second half of the first year, and up to one third during the second year of life. 

    Breastfed children perform better on intelligence tests, are less likely to be overweight or obese and less prone to diabetes later in life. Women who breastfeed also have a reduced risk of breast and ovarian cancers. 

    Inappropriate marketing of breast-milk substitutes continues to undermine efforts to improve breastfeeding rates and duration worldwide.

    Recommendations

    WHO and UNICEF recommend that children initiate breastfeeding within the first hour of birth and be exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months of life – meaning no other foods or liquids are provided, including water. 

    Infants should be breastfed on demand – that is as often as the child wants, day and night. No bottles, teats or pacifiers should be used. 

    From the age of 6 months, children should begin eating safe and adequate complementary foods while continuing to breastfeed for up to 2 years and beyond.

    WHO Response

    WHO actively promotes breastfeeding as the best source of nourishment for infants and young children, and is working to increase the rate of exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months up to at least 50% by 2025. 

    WHO and UNICEF created the Global Breastfeeding Collective to rally political, legal, financial, and public support for breastfeeding. The Collective brings together implementers and donors from governments, philanthropies, international organizations, and civil society. 

    WHO’s Network for Global Monitoring and Support for Implementation of the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes, also known as NetCode, works to ensure that breast-milk substitutes are not marketed inappropriately.

    Additionally, WHO provides training courses for health workers to provide skilled support to breastfeeding mothers, help them overcome problems, and monitor the growth of children.

    3 in 5

    not breastfed

    Globally, 3 in 5 babies are not breastfed in the first hour of life.

    820 000 children

    could be saved

    Over 820 000 children could be saved yearly if all children 0-23 months were optimally breastfed.

    Find out more

    41% of infants

    aged 0-6 months

    66顺彩票appOnly 41% of infants under 6 months of age are exclusively breastfed.

    Find out more

    Publications

    All →
    Protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding in facilities providing maternity and newborn services: the revised Baby-friendly Hospital initiative: 2018 implementation guidance: frequently asked questions

    The purpose of this document is to provide simple and easy-to-read information on frequently raised queries about selected aspects of the recommendations...

    Guidelines for the management of pregnant and breastfeeding women in the context of Ebola virus disease

    66顺彩票appA paucity of scientific evidence exists on how to best treat pregnant or breastfeeding women with suspected or confirmed Ebola virus disease (EVD). Historical...

    Maternity leave legislation in support of breastfeeding: case studies around the world

    Over the past 100 years, most countries have introduced maternity legislation and related policies in line with ILO standards, but the level of implementation...

    Breastfeeding and family-friendly policies: advocacy brief

    This advocacy brief provides key messages on family-friendly policies in employment, including paid maternity leave, access to quality childcare, breastfeeding...

    Multimedia

    All →
    963彩票开户 677彩票开户 7072彩票开户 66顺彩票总代理 7073彩票地址 689彩票邀请码 7073彩票网址 7073彩票登录 8炫彩彩票app 9188彩票代理